Nanjing University (NJU or NU, simplified Chinese: 南京大学; traditional Chinese: 南京大學; pinyin: Nánjīng Dàxué, Nánkīng Tàhsüéh. Chinese abbr. 南大; pinyin: Nándà, Nanda), or Nanking University, located inNanjing, China, is one of the oldest and most prestigious institutions of higher learning in China. Following many changes through dynasties since CE 258, it was established as a modern school in 1902 in late Qing dynasty, and became a modern university in the early 1920s, during the early years of Republic of China, becoming the first Chinese modern university which combined teaching and research. It became a pioneer in higher education in China and set the foundation for the establishment of the modern educational system in China. Before the eve of establishment of People’s Republic of China in 1949, the name was changed from National Central University to Nanjing University.
Nanjing University is consistently ranked among the top few comprehensive research universities in China. It is a member of «China’s Ivy League», C9 League, and Yangtze Delta Universities Alliance. Nanjing University and Peking University are consistently ranked as the two top universities for Chinese Language and Literature in China . Nanjing University is also a top research university for natural sciences, being ranked #2 in China (#1 being Peking University), #3 in Asia Pacific and #12 in the world in the Nature Index 2017 , outperforming California Institute of Technology, Princeton University, Cornell University, Imperial College London andKyoto University, among others. Nanda is ranked #3 in the field of Chemistry, and #12 in the field of Physical Science, among all universities in the world in Nature Index 2017 as well. Hence, Peking University and Nanjing University are widely recognized as the two top universities for natural sciences and Chinese Language and Literature in China. Its faculty include more than twenty Nobel Laureates engaged in teaching. It is a national university under the direct supervision of Ministry of Education of China, and is funded by national and Jiangsu provincial governments, as well as other income sources like donations. Nanda mainly has two campuses: Xianlin campus, located in northeast of Nanjing south of the Yangtze River, which is the home to most undergraduates and large part of graduates, and Gulou campus, located at the center of Nanjing City.